ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING: THE BASICS

Charging your EV is like charging your smartphone, explains EVUp

The biggest difference between an EV and a petrol or diesel vehicle is the way you ‘refuel.’
With an EV, you will charge anywhere there is a power point. The best analogy is thinking of it like your smartphone; you plug it in whenever and wherever there’s access to power and it is rarely close to zero.

Always be charging at Level One, Two or Three

Level One
The most common way to charge is using what is known as Level One charging. This is also known as AC charging and is the easiest and most freely available way to get a top up.
While convenient, it is also the slowest way to charge your EV and can take anywhere from four to 40 hours, depending on your EV and charging equipment. While slow, it protects your battery, which may degrade over time if continuously fast charged.
Most EV drivers charge up at home, which is the best way to avoid ‘range anxiety’ or the fear of running out of power. Using a charging cable, you can plug into a 10 or 15amp household powerpoint. There’ll be a charging cable in your EV, or a new one will cost under $500. A full charge will typically cost less than $10 on your power bill.

Level Two
A Level Two charger can be installed in your garage to provide a faster and efficient charge. EVUp recommends a 7kW unit – which will take four to eight hours to charge up, depending on your EV – and particularly a charger that will connect to a solar system and use your self-generated renewable power.
Types of Level Two chargers available include the ChargeAmps AURA or the locally made AURIGA with inbuilt security light and a 10amp plug for e-bike charging, which also comes as a portable option for workshops. You can expect to pay from $1500 plus installation for EV charging hardware.

Level Three
Also known as fast or DC charging, this is the fastest way to charge an electric vehicle. By converting AC power to DC within the charging station itself, Level Three chargers provide a faster charge, with some able to charge an EV from 0 percent to 80 percent in under 30 minutes.
DC charging is a great option for highway locations, but if you want drivers to stop and spend their time and money at your location, a Level Two charger is a better solution.
Queensland-built Tritium DC chargers are among the best in the world, but there are also portable DC charging options. Cost depends on charge rate which ranges from 20kW right up to 350kW, and costs upwards of $20,000 plus installation. Supporting infrastructure may also be required to power a DC charger, which can make them expensive to install.

Need advice?
If you would like impartial advice about the EV sector or want to know more about providing EV charging for your customers, EVUp invites you to call its director, Emma Sutcliffe, on 0409 040 499 or alternatively you can email her at emma@evup.com.au